The Unknown God
When Paul saw that the city of Athens was given over to idols, he began to preach the gospel. He faced a challenging audience in the cultured, educated city. The novelty of his message earnt him an invitation to speak at the intellectual centre of the city, the Areopagus, where he was joined by Epicurean and Stoic philosophers. The Epicureans pursue pleasure as the chief purpose in life. They don’t deny the existence of gods but believe that they have nothing to do with man. The Stoics are pantheists who value morality and dignity.
Preaching at the Areopagus, Paul began with references to the religious character of Athens, and told the Athenians who God is and what they must do because of who God is. He preached through effective approaches. For example, his speech was audience-centred with terms that his audience were familiar with. He would subtly switch to a new idea, and proclaim without imposing. In conclusion, Paul made the unknown God known.